Izbornik Zatvoriti

Da li koristiti antenski analizator umesto SWR metra?

Skraćena veza: https://pedja.supurovic.net/veza/9854

NanoVNA, foto: YL3AME

Danas su dostupni antenski analizatori odličnih karakteristika a izuzetno pristupačne cene (vidi pod NanoVNA) tako da radio-amater koji se iole bavi gradnjom antena, filtera, baluna, prialgodnih elemenata i drugih sličnih sklopova treba i mora imati jedan ovakav instrument.

SWR-metri se često koriste za umeravanje antena i slična merenja ali su daleko manje praktični i korisni od antenskih analizatora. Prilično je mukotrpno umeravanje antene SWR-metrom jer morate ručno da menjate frekvenciju emitovanja i merite preko celog ciljanog opsega da biste snimili karakteristiku antene i na osnovu toga odredili da li su potrebne i kakve korekcije. I nakon korekcije morate ceo postupak ručnog merenja da ponavljate. […]
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Upotrebljavate li SWR-metar?

Skraćena veza: https://pedja.supurovic.net/veza/9846

Neophodno je da antena koja se povezuje na predajnik ima impedansu koja odgovara impedansi predajnika. Ako ove impedanse nisu usklađene, u antenskom sistemu se javlja reflektovana snaga. Ova snaga se sabira sa emotovanom snagom i javljaju se vrhovi snage koji mogu biti značajno veliki i izazvati i kvar radio-stanice. Takođe, usled neusklađenosti impedanse velika je verovatnoća da će izračena snaga u antenu biti znatno manja do zanemarljiva. Takođe se povećavaju neželjene smetnje koje antenski sistem emituje u okolini radio-stanice.

Neusklađenost impedansi antenskog sistema i predajnike je uvek loša stvar i mora da se izbegne. Da bismo to izbegli moramo prvo da izmerimo. […]
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Universal CAT and programming USB to serial TTL interface for ham radio

Skraćena veza: https://pedja.supurovic.net/veza/9536

Some years ago I posted article describing Universal CAT and programming USB to RS232 TTL interface for ham radio that I made.

Here is small update, adapter for YAESU FT-8900, FT-8800 and alike radios.

FT-8900 and FT-8800 and some other Yaesu radios use two wire interface. One wire is ground and other is both RX and TX. This is also known as CIV-I interface used in Icom radios.

CIV-I interface is quite simple. There is a diode (universal like 1N14148) connecting RX and TX, oriented cathode toward TX, with one 10K pull up resistor to 5V on RX. […]
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Baofeng UV-B5 / UV-B6 enhancing modulation

Skraćena veza: https://pedja.supurovic.net/veza/8998

One of the issues of UV-B5 is that it has shallow modulation when passing through some repeater systems. That is common issue with Chinese radios. R4HV posted on YouTube explanation how to fix that. As his post is in Russian language it does not popup easily on search sites.

However, modulation fix is rather simple: one resistor has to be removed and new connection made using 150 K resistor . That is all. Check his video.

 

Here are pictures before and after the modification:

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Spiderpole 12m anchoring construction

Skraćena veza: https://pedja.supurovic.net/veza/8741

Spiderpole 12m made by Spiderbeam is very useful for portable ham radio activities. To do the job it must be properly anchored. This pole may be anchored at the bottom (at about height of the first element) which allows it to withstand wind speed of abut 80 km/h, and at 7 meters high using guying lines (as recommended by manufacturer) which allows surviving windows of 120 km/h.

Anchoring at the bottom seems not suitable for portable, as it requires either to have already set strong short pole (fence or something) to attach pole, or dig one into the ground. […]
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